What is Cannabis?
Cannabis comes from the dried flowers, leaves, stems, and seeds to the Cannabis sativa (hemp) plant. For centuries, humans have used cannabis for fibre (hemp), seed oils, seed, medical treatment and recreationally.
The building blocks of the cannabis plant are known as cannabinoids. There are over 120 cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant and the potential behind them are only beginning to be uncovered. The two most abundant cannabinoids are CBD and THC.
Understanding cannabinoids and the unique ability of each can be a confusing topic. In this article we are going to take it step by step. Firstly, to dive into the word of cannabis, we need to explore what cannabinoids are and why they matter.
What are Cannabinoids?
Thanks to the array of research that has recently been carried out we are discovering more and more about the nature of these amazing compounds. This means we are able to have a deeper understanding of the plant.
Cannabinoids are chemicals that are able to connect with cannabinoid receptors in our body and brain. These cannabinoid receptors can be found in the endocannabinoid system – which is found naturally in the human body.
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is responsible for maintaining homeostasis and balance in our internal systems. This involves making sure that its functioning correctly which is vital for our health. The ECS is responsible for regulating psychological processes such as memory, mood, appetite and much more.
Each cannabinoid affects the ECS differently, with some helping to reduce pain whilst others reducing anxiety. It is the uniqueness of each cannabinoid which makes them fascinating for researchers.
Different types of cannabinoids
THC is one of the main cannabinoids responsible for the psychoactive and mind altering effect, noted as feeling ‘high’. From this a negative stigma has stuck to cannabis – especially within the last century – despite the change in its restrictions and legality.
CBD WON’T GET YOU HIGH, REGARDLESS OF HOW YOU TAKE IT.
CBD is the second most popular cannabinoid and, unlike THC, it doesn’t get you ‘high’. CBD is extracted from the cannabis plant in a variety of ways – CO2 extraction being the most popular. Therefore CBD is non toxic and non-psychoactive.
The reason CBD does not have the same effect as THC is the way it interacts with the cannabinoid receptors in the human endocannabinoid system. CBD is entirely safe for all the family and is commonly used for pets!
There are a wide variety of ways to take CBD
Some of the most popular methods of using CBD are:
Tinctures are one of the most popular ways to enjoy CBD. CBD oil are most effective when placed under the tongue and held their for one to two minutes. When you put a few drops under your tongue there is a vein called the sublingual gland therefore it gets absorbed quicker into the bloodstream. This will impact the body more and maintain higher availability as its only being degraded from enzymes in the mouths saliva. This will typically take 15-30 minutes to feel the effects of a CBD tincture.
CBD edibles are another popular method of taking CBD. When CBD is consumed in the form of olive oil or honey, it pasts through the digestive system and the liver. So if you consume it on an empty stomach, this can reduce the time it takes for CBD to make its way through the digestive tract and broken down by the liver. However, the reason we infuse CBD to products such as olive oil is because the olive oil may help increase bioavailability as its a fatty-acid rich food.
CBD topical are applied directly to the skin such as our joint relief cream or muscle rub gel. CBD topical are a great way to provide localised benefits to a specific area of the body. They are absorbed by the skin and bypass the digestive tract completely.
What are terpenes?
You may have heard the word terpenes being thrown around in the CBD world. Various research has suggested the importance of terpenes as a popular form of holistic healing.
Around 200 terpenes can be found in cannabis, they are dramatic compounds found in many plants. If you have used essential oils before you will have already come into contact with terpenes. For example the terpene linalool predominates the essential oil of lavender and is known for creating feelings of relaxation and ease.
All of these terpenes, and more, are found in high concentrations in the bud of cannabis.
Terpenes are essential for 3 main reasons.
- Terpenes contribute to The Entourage Effect of cannabis
- Terpenes have medical benefits, like cannabinoids, and work synergistically with other compounds in cannabis through the endocannabinoid system.
- Terpenes give cannabis its flavour.
What is the Difference Between Hemp and Cannabis?
Ultimately, both hemp and cannabis come from the same plant…just different parts of it. This can be confusing because often the words are used interchangeably, yet they do have separate connotations. Cannabis refers to a group of 3 plants: cannabis sativa, cannabis indica and cannabis ruderalis. Cannabis is made up of many cannabinoids, one being CBD.
CBD can be sourced from both hemp and cannabis.
Hemp comes from the variety of cannabis sativa plant and it has a different chemical makeup and usage to cannabis. Hemp can be used for fibre (from the plants stems), protein (from seeds), and oils. Hemp contains a wide range of cannabinoids but negligible amounts of THC there is non took and non psychoactive.
The main difference is there THC content. THC is the psychoactive part of the plant and the bit thats associated with the ‘high’. Cannabis is high in THC, whereas hemp produces extremely low THC content. In the UK, THC is a controlled substance and therefore all CBD products must contain less than 0.2% THC. Hemp produces more CBD than THC, whereas Cannabis produces more THC than CBD.
Drops of Heal – The Truth About CBD
If one thing is certain about CBD, it is that there is a tonne of misinformation about it circulating the internet. The key thing to note is that CBD is safe, legal and non-psychoactive. In 2018, the World Health Organisation (WHO) released a report that CBD contains zero health risks whatsoever to humans and animals. It also mentions that people don’t use CBD to get high.
At Drops of Heal, we’re here to give you the most reliable information on CBD so that you can make informed decisions in implementing CBD into your life. When it comes to what we put in our bodies, we all need to be as educated and knowledgeable as possible.
Ready to see what CBD Oil can do for you? Visit our range here.