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Thanks to the growing attention of CBD, Cannabinoids are now becoming more widely-known and people are interested in how the human body reacts to this plant, as well as what it has to offer in relation to their health and wellness. 

Cannabinoids are a central part of understanding how the benefits associated with CBD work within the human body. In this blog we will uncover what they are and how they work in our body.

What are Cannabinoids?

Cannabinoids are chemicals that are able to connect with cannabinoid receptors in our body and brain. The word cannabinoids does not refer to just one substance, but every chemical substance that joins the cannabinoid receptors in the brain and body. Cannabinoids are capable to interacting with the body and the brain through the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The endocannabinoid system is a complex network of cell receptors and neurotransmitters that are responsible for maintaining homeostasis and balance in the body. To understand more about what cannabinoids are, we first need to understand the role the role cannabinoid receptors play.

What are Cannabinoid Receptors?

Cannabinoid Receptors are located throughout the body and its what cannabinoids bind to which signal the response in the body. Their are 2 main receptors: CB1, located in the central nervous system, and CB2, located in the peripheral nervous system (mostly in immune cells). Therefore any chemical substance which is capable of binding the either CB1 or CB2 is termed a cannabinoid. 

Diversity of Cannabinoids 

Each cannabinoid is unique its its own way, with each having a specific purpose in the human body. There are 3 main types of cannabinoids:

1. Phytocannabinoids 

These cannabinoids are only found in the Cannabis Sativa L plant with approximately 70 phytocannabinoids found – the most popular and widely phone being CBD and THC.

2. Endocannabinoids

These cannabinoids are produced by nearly every organism in the animal world. They are produced by both humans and animals. Endocannabinoids are made from fat-like molecules within cell membranes, and are synthesised on demand.

3. Synthetic Cannabinoids.

These cannabinoids are fully synthetic, created in a lab. For example synthetic THC which is used in medications. 

How do Cannabinoids work: The Endocannabinoid System 

We totally understand how confusing this can be. However, in order to understand how cannabinoids work and how you can benefit from them, we must first look at the endocannabinoid system (ECS) located in the human body. 

The ECS is a complex cell-signalling system that is active in the body, it plays a role in regulating a range of functions in order to keep our body at homeostatis. This enables our us to adapt to our environments in order to maintain balance. 

It plays a role in regulating mood, appetite, memory, sleep and even reproduction and fertility. Interesting it is also responsibly for inflammation and immune system responses, motor control, skin and nerve and muscle function. In order for the ECS to work smoothly – there are 3 vital components which need to work together: enzymes, receptors and endocannabinods.

So, it becomes pretty clear how essential cannabinoids are to our body. In order for our body to function correctly and maintain homeostasis, cannabinoids are essential. Now, we hope a better understanding how vital cannabinoids are, how they function and how they enable our bodies to maintain balance.

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